CBD Glossary

Broad-Spectrum

Broad-Spectrum products contain all of the benefits of Full-Spectrum hemp extracts without the THC. If you need to pass a drug test, these products are a better fit.

When made from Full-Spectrum hemp, the THC is removed with a CO2 extraction process to acquire crude oil. Then the oil goes through an HPLC (High-Performance Liquid Chromatography) extraction process which removes THC while keeping all other essential components in place. This transforms the oil from Full-Spectrum extract to Broad-Spectrum extract.

Proprietary Genetics

Tulip Tree’s manufacturing partner maintains the truest of essences derived from their proprietary genetics and preserved as trade secrets in their Broad-Spectrum oil and finished products. Their unique chromatographic purification process selectively removes Delta 9-THC and undesirable impurities from their Full-Spectrum hemp extract and purified oils.

Their proprietary processes do not expose the extracted products to high temperature or adverse conditions as with other manufacturers’ fractional distillation processes. Their latest methodologies preserve the plant’s terpene profile, eliminating potential degradation of cannabinoids and mitigating potential oxidation of other botanical compounds.

Cannabinol

Cannabis plants produce over 400 compounds, and 60 of them are unique to the plant genus Cannabis. Cannabinol (CBN) is a cannabinoid isolated from the cannabis plant. It has been shown to have strong anti-inflammatory properties. Ingestion is a good way to consume CBN due to its conversion in the liver to better bind with the CB1 receptor.

Cannabigerol

Cannabigerol (CBG) is the “parent cannabinoid” in cannabis from which all the other cannabinoids (like CBD and THC) are derived. Most of the CBG in cannabis plants is broken down by enzymes which turn CBG into either THCA or CBDA. Those components are “activated” by light or heat energy to create THC or CBD, with less than 1% of CBG remaining behind.

Cannabichromeme

Cannabichromene (CBC) is also a derivative of CBG similar to the way THC and CBD are produced. Key differences include the non-psychoactive nature so there’s no associated euphoria. CBC binds loosely to CB1 & CB2 receptors.

Cannabidiol (CBD)

CBD is the acronym for cannabidiol, which is the compound that produces the medicinal effects seen from hemp extract oils. CBD is the second most prominent cannabinoid found in cannabis and produces no euphoric state. It’s responsible for cannabis’ many medicinal properties and is linked to anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-proliferative, anti-spasmodic and anxiolytic effects. CBD studies show a range of health benefits leading to many clinical trials in progress currently.

CBD Tinctures

Consumers commonly start using CBD oils in tincture form. The traditional way of using a tincture is by sublingual absorption although they can be added to food and drink.

Tulip Tree Tinctures are made from MCT oil, most commonly extracted from coconut oil, as more than 50% of the fat in coconut oil comes from MCTs. As the name suggests, medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) oil contains medium-length chains of fats called triglycerides.

 

Endocannabinoids

Endocannabinoids are small molecules which bind to activate cannabinoid receptors. Unlike phytocannabinoids, endocannabinoids are produced naturally in the body from fat-like cells, on demand, and have a similar effect (and potential health benefit) to phytocannabinoids. This is seen in the way endocannabinoids regulate the communication of neurons as well as the body’s anti-inflammatory response to achieve homeostasis or balance in the body.

Endocannabinoid System

A system of receptors that aids the body in maintaining physiological balance. The body’s major organs have endocannabinoid receptors, and these organs make up key elements in balance of the endocrine and the nervous system.

Flavonoids

Flavonoids are a group of phytonutrients found in most plants and are responsible for the vivid colors you see among fruits and vegetables as well as aroma and flavor in relationships with terpenes. There are approximately 4,000 flavonoid subtypes (flavanols, anthocyanins, isoflavones, etc.).

Full-Spectrum

Full-Spectrum hemp oil refers to a complete hemp plant extract with Delta 9-THC, cannabidiol, minor cannabinoids and terpenes.

Hemp

Hemp is often confused with marijuana, as they both belong to Cannabis Sativa L. species, and the two terms are used interchangeably. However, they are different in composition (chemotype) and their applications.

While marijuana is mainly used for recreational and medical purposes, hemp can be found as an ingredient in dietary supplements, skin products, clothing, building and other accessories.

Hemp Seed Oil

Hemp seed oil is manufactured through an extraction process. This can be done with any plant in the Cannabis genus, however hemp seed oil is only produced from industrial hemp, which is used specifically for the dramatically low amount of psychoactive substance (THC) it contains.

Hemp seed oil has a wide range of commercial uses (plastic base alternative to petroleum, paint production, bio-fuel) and personal uses, including some with health benefits (nutrient-packed cooking oil, moisturizers, food ingredient, soaps, etc.).

Isolate CBD

Isolate CBD (>99% CBD by potency) is a cannabis product that contains a singular compound. It has been used for several Investigational New Drug (IND) applications.

Marijuana

Marijuana is a mixture of plant material and the dried flowers of Cannabis Sativa. Though it is often used recreationally, marijuana also has a number of medical uses. It contains high levels of THC, which is the primary psychoactive component that gives patients the euphoric feeling generally associated with the drug.

Organic Hemp

For hemp to be considered organic, it must be grown and cultivated under certain conditions. Organic hemp farms follow guidelines that keep the bioactivity of the plant free of chemicals. 

Phytocannabinoid

There are over 100 known phytocannabinoids in a cannabis plant including CBD and CBG. Phytocannabinoids attach to cannabinoid receptors inside the human body much like the way a key fits into a lock. A cannabinoid unlocks a cannabinoid receptor and initiates changes in cells that can produce a wide range of beneficial processes.

THC

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), or Delta-9-THC, is the most well-known cannabinoid taken from the cannabis plant. In addition to the psychoactive component, there are known medicinal benefits similar to other cannabinoids for PTSD and anxiety, inflammation, neuropathic and chronic pain, glaucoma and sleep disorders. Despite the benefits, THC is still classified as a Schedule 1 controlled substance by the U.S. Federal Government.

Tetrahydrocannabivarin

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) is a psychoactive cannabinoid, but does not work in the same way as THC. It’s not found in high amounts in cannabis plants.

Terpenes

Terpenes are responsible for giving cannabis its fragrant scent. Terpenes give each strain of cannabis its distinct smell and usually are part of the reason for a strain’s name. The fragrant oils are secreted from the cannabis plant’s resin glands, which also produce the THC, CBD, CBC and other cannabinoids produced by the plant. Terpenes have therapeutic benefits and add to the overall entourage effect of Tulip Tree Broad-Spectrum oil.

Water-Souble CBD

CBD oil comes in a variety of applications, some of which are water-soluble liquids or powders. Since oil and water do not mix, CBD oil is transformed into a nanoemulsified liquid or powder that can be dissolved in water to manufacture stable finished products or for direct consumption. This offers higher bioavailability (and enhanced efficacy) and makes it more permeable to the skin in topical applications.